How many characters can a varchar max hold?
8000 charactersMicrosoft SQL Server 2008 (and above) can store up to 8000 characters as the maximum length of the string using varchar data type.
SQL varchar usually holds 1 byte per character and 2 more bytes for the length information..
Is varchar Max bad?
Varchar(max) should only ever be used if the size of the field is known to be over 8K. In every other instance, the size must be specified. Failure to do so is poor design and will lead to performance issues on any but the most trivial of systems.
What does varchar 20 mean?
The data type of varchar is Variable-length with non-Unicode character data. The storage size is the actual length of data entered + 2 bytes. • For varchar (20): The max storage size is: 20*1 byte +2 bytes=22 bytes; •
What does varchar 255 mean?
If you specify it as VARCHAR(255), that means that the column will reserve 1 byte + length of the string bytes. That 1 byte indicates how long the string is. 1 byte = you can have from 0 – 255 values stored (2 to the power of 8 = 256).
How long is varchar?
65535 charactersAlthough VARCHAR supports the maximum size at 65535 characters, the actual maximum value depends on other columns in the table and character set: Maximum row size is 65535 bytes in MySQL that shared among all columns in the table, except TEXT/BLOB columns.
What is the maximum size of char columns?
The maximum length of a character column is limited by the maximum row width configured but cannot exceed 32,000 bytes. Long varchar columns are an exception: the maximum length of these columns is 2 GB. Note: A synonym for char is character.
Does varchar need length?
The answer is you don’t need to, it’s optional. It’s there if you want to ensure that strings do not exceed a certain length. From Wikipedia: Varchar fields can be of any size up to the limit.
Should I use text or varchar?
Use VARCHAR when you have a variable number of characters for every entry. If you need more storage than VARCHAR can provide, CLOB with UTF-8 encoding or equivalent standard type. NEVER use TEXT as it is non-standard.
Why is varchar 255?
255 is used because it’s the largest number of characters that can be counted with an 8-bit number. … When used this way, VarChar only uses the number of bytes + 1 to store your text, so you might as well set it to 255, unless you want a hard limit (like 50) on the number of characters in the field.