Question: Why Can Sulfur Bond 6 Times?

Why does phosphorus have a valence of 5+?

Phosphorus can have expanded octet, because it can shift it’s lone pair electrons (3s orbital electrons) to empty 3d obital during excited state and thus can form 5 bonds.

So now there is 5 spaces along the singly filled orbitals to keep electrons or we may say that there can be 5 bonds now..

Can sulfur have 6 bonds?

Now sulfur has 6 unpaired electrons which means it can form 6 covalent bonds to give a total of 12 electrons around its valence shell.

Can phosphorus have 6 bonds?

INTRODUCTION: Phosphorus can form bonds with many other elements. Also it can form bonds with varying number of atoms (Coordination Number), which can vary from 1 to 6. Also it can have different valencies, either 3 or 5.

How many bonds does sulfur like to form?

two bondsSulfur, like oxygen, frequently forms two bonds. In sulfate, the sulfur is attached to four different atoms. We could draw that structure in two ways. A structure that obeys the octet rule would have a single bond to each oxygen.

Can sulfur make 5 bonds?

Answer and Explanation: Sulfur is capable of forming 6 bonds because it can have an expanded valence shell; sulfur is in period 3 of the Periodic Table.

Why does sulfur have a 2 charge?

An ion can only be formed when a neutral atom gains or loses electrons. … For each electron gained, the ion’s overall charge decreases by 1 unit, which further confirms the fact that the neutral sulfur atom gained 2 electrons to get the (2−) charge.

What does sulfur not bond with?

Pure sulfur is a tasteless, odourless, brittle solid that is pale yellow in colour, a poor conductor of electricity, and insoluble in water. It reacts with all metals except gold and platinum, forming sulfides; it also forms compounds with several nonmetallic elements.

Can n Make 5 bonds?

Nitrogen cannot really form 5 bonds, unless you count 4 covalent bonds and 1 ionic “bond”. Normally a nitrogen atom forms 3 bonds, but when the nitrogen atom has a positive charge, it is deficient in an electron, so it can form an additional fourth covalent bond.

Why can sulfur have more than an octet?

Its structure is Here the sulfur atom has six electron pairs in its valence shell. An atom like phosphorus or sulfur which has more than an octet is said to have expanded its valence shell. This can only occur when the valence shell has enough orbitals to accommodate the extra electrons. … An octet would be 3s23p6.

Can sulfur bond with itself?

The tendency of an element to form bonds to itself is called catenation (from the Latin catena, “chain”). Because sulfur forms unusually strong S-S single bonds, it is better at catenation than any element except carbon.

Is oxygen more reactive than sulfur?

oxygen is only more reactive than sulphur because due to small atomic size oxygen atom has high tendency to attract the electrons ( more electronegative )….

Can nitrogen have 4 bonds?

Nitrogen has 5 valence electrons and is in a row with a maximum valence number of 8. It typically forms 3 bonds and has a lone pair (:NH3) or makes 4 bonds with a positive charge (NH4+). Nitrogen is one of the few elements that readily forms strong multiple bonds. (Carbon is another.)